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Ocular Diseases: Types and treatment

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Ocular disease is a blanket term representing a group of diseases that impact the health and function of the eye. Most of the eye diseases affect older people, but that’s not to say that young individuals can’t be affected too.

Some eye diseases are minor and might disappear with simple treatments, while others require specialist care. Regardless of the eye problem, early detection is crucial. That’s why we encourage regular eye checkups for all, especially seniors.

At River Heights Eye Care, we have the policy to ensure that we have up-to-date optometric technology to help with a clear diagnosis. We take an aggressive approach in treating these ocular diseases to help you back to optimal vision.

Treatment of Ocular Diseases in Cochrane

Using cutting-edge optometric technology, we assess, diagnose, and manage with great precision eye diseases like cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration.

  1. Cataracts
    Cataracts develop when proteins build-up in your eye lenses, making them cloudy and keeps light from passing through. In severe cases, cataracts can lead to the complete loss of your eyesight.
  2. Nuclear form affects the nucleus of the lens and causes yellow or brown cataracts affecting your ability to differentiate shades of color.
  3. Cortical cataracts form in the peripheral area of your eye lens
  4. Subscapular cataracts affect people with diabetes or those taking steroid medications
  5. Glaucoma
    Although glaucoma is associated with diabetes, it affects commonly affects adults over 40 years, children, and infants.
  6. Open-angle or wide-angle glaucoma is caused by clogged eye drainage canals leading to damage to the optic nerve.
  7. Acute glaucoma or angle-closure is as a result of pressure buildup in the eye because of the narrow iris and cornea, and it is the least common type of glaucoma.
  8. Macular Degeneration
    Did you know macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision degeneration affecting more people than glaucoma and cataracts combined?
  9. Dry macular degeneration is associated with minimal visual impairment. Most people have a 20/40 vision, with functional limitations like fluctuating vision.
  10. Wet macular degeneration is caused by abnormal blood vessels, which may leak blood, causing the macula to bulge from its normally flat position, distorting central vision. With this disease, patients have dark spots at the center of the vision as a result of the fluid.

Schedule A Comprehensive Eye Checkup Today

Do you notice a deterioration of your vision? Contact River Heights Eye Care to schedule your consultation. We would be happy to assess you.

Written by Shazeen Manji

Dr. Shazeen Manji was born and raised in Edmonton, Alberta, and attended the University of Alberta, where she completed her Bachelor of Science degree. She then went on to earn her optometry degree at the Pennsylvania College of Optometry at Salus University, where she graduated with honours. Dr. Manji received her training in a vast array of clinical settings, including private practices and Veterans Affairs hospitals, where she focused on pediatrics and contact lenses. Though she enjoys all aspects of private practice, Dr. Manji has a particular interest in ocular disease and contact lenses. She completed her ocular disease externship at the Wilmington V.A. Hospital and has completed an advanced studies course in contact lenses, giving her unique insight into fitting specialty contact lenses. In 2019, Dr. Manji purchased River Heights Eye Care where she is now practicing.
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